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What are the signs of a traumatic brain injury?

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Any injury to the head can result in serious consequences for the sufferer. As a brain injury victim, it is important that you get the appropriate treatment in a swift way. But how do you identify what sort of brain injury you have?

Note that not all brain injuries share symptoms. It is best to see a doctor after any crash even if you believe yourself to be symptom-free. But there are some symptoms you may notice quickly if dealing with severe brain injury.

Mild TBI symptoms

Mayo Clinic looks into the symptoms of traumatic brain injuries (TBI). TBIs divide into three categories: mild, moderate and severe. The symptoms also divide into physical and cognitive symptoms. Some sensory symptoms also occur.

For mild TBIs, sensory symptoms include blurred vision, changes in smell, a bad taste in your mouth or tinnitus. You may feel mood changes and experience anxiety or depression. You could also struggle with concentration and memory loss. You may experience a ray of physical symptoms, too. The most common include headache, nausea and dizziness. You may also have trouble sleeping or experience increased drowsiness. At this stage, you may or may not experience a loss of consciousness.

Moderate and severe TBI symptoms

Moderate and severe TBIs often share the same symptoms at different levels of severity. You may have slurred speech and profound confusion. You could experience unusual behavior like combativeness and agitation. You will likely lose consciousness, though the duration varies. You may have convulsions or seizures. You may lose coordination and experience numbness in the extremities. One or both pupils may dilate. You may also experience excruciating headaches and repeated vomiting.

It is crucial to get immediate medical attention for a moderate or severe TBI. But any sort of symptoms should get immediate inspection from a medical professional.